Sensory Sensitivities

The 8 Senses

We all know the 5 basic senses: Sight, Hearing, Tactile, Taste and Smell. But we actually have 8. What are the others?

Interoception: internal sense, such as hunger, thirst, pain, etc. Interoception is the ability to register and interpret our own bodily/emotional state. This does not mean that we do not feel it, but that we have difficulty identifying, processing and communicating emotional/body states.

Proprioception: awareness of body position in space and applied force.

Vestibular: sense of movement and balance.

Strategies to help manage Interoception

Visual charts: visual cues as cards to identify emotions

Alarms/reminders: to remind people of basic self-care needs, such as eating and drinking

Bracelets such as fitbits, which help control sleep, anxiety, among others.

Breathing and meditation techniques: helps connect mind and body

Incorporating vestibular stimuli: the use of stim toys, trampolines or yoga balls, allows you to regulate the need for bodily stimuli. Yoga is very useful for body awareness, even for children.

Occupational therapy: there are appropriate techniques and scientific methods to help autistic children with interoception difficulties through occupational therapy

Other tools like a water bottle with the necessary daily dose of agua or apps that help us remember basic needs.